ROBERT HUTCHINSON OF NEW JERSEY
Richard Hutchinson (2004)
Robert Hutchinson is believed by some to be the possible father of William, who married Ann Simpson, and who can be found in Middlesex County, New Jersey records, as early 1737. This belief is based upon several factors that can be found when doing research on the Hutchinson family in New Jersey. I will try to examine each of these factors below.
1. The earliest mention of a Robert Hutchinson related to the central New Jersey area is the Robert, who was on board the ship AHenry and Francis,@ which landed in Perth Amboy, Middlesex County, New Jersey in 1685, which brought Scotch Acovenanters@ who had been banished to the Acolonies@ from the Tolbooth in Leith, Scotland. My research in the existing records from Leith, Scotland support the fact that a Robert Hutchinson was to be removed in the above mentioned ship. This vessel was bound for Jamaica with its Acargo.@ However, several factors such as payment for the cargo and the ship being blown off course caused the ship to land in Perth Amboy. On the fragmented passenger lists that exist for this voyage, there were apparently several Hutchinsons on board. A John Hutchinson was one of several passengers who died during the above voyage. On Nov 27, 1685, a William Rig, aboard the "Henry and Francis" of New Castle, made his Will. The witnesses for the will were James Dundas, brother of the Laird of Armestonn, James Hutchinson, apothecary, and John Fraser, writing-master. It was proved on Feb 9, 1685-6.
2. The next finding of a Robert was in September 1705 in Monmouth County, New Jersey. On this date, a Robert Huchason's corner tree is mentioned in a Monmouth County road survey which is in the area of the county that later became Upper Freehold Township, Monmouth Co, New Jersey. The same area where William Hutchinson=s homestead was located.
In 1909, Charles Robbins Hutchinson (1838-1927) [CRH], a Hutchinson researcher and early family genealogist from Hamilton Square, Hightstown and later Allentown, New Jersey, investigated the location of this corner tree property. In his writings, he discusses the Robert Hutchinson who was among the banished Scotch who landed in Perth Amboy in 1685 as possibly being the Robert AHuchason@ in Monmouth County regarding the above road survey. CRH states: ARobert may have been the same Robert AHuchason@ who is found in Upper Freehold in 1705. In September of that year the road from Shrewsbury to Allentown was blazed through the woods. No courses or distances are given in the survey...in some places it follows the old Indian path, in others its route was defined by marked trees or scattered settlements.@ [The Shrewsbury Road mentioned by CRH no longer exists. It can be found on earlier maps running behind what was the Farmer=s Bank, that sits on a corner in Allentown. This Shrewsbury road ran diagonally behind the bank across the open land toward East Windsor Township.] CRH continues: AAfter entering what twenty five years later became Upper Freehold Township, it comes to >Moses Robin=s corner tree, standing under Cunny Hillside (now known as the Stone Hill). Thence running along Cunny Hillside: Thence along the new markt trees till it comes to Robert Huchason=s corner tree: Thence to a hickory tree markt on two sides: Thence to two white oaks markt on both sides, standing in the Post Road.= (It=s terminus being in Allentown). From this description and other circumstances, I am led to locate the residence of Robert AHuchason@ at that time, on a farm lying on the northerly side of said Shrewsbury Road, now intersected by the Pemberton and Hightstown Railroad, the easterly part which is now (in 1909) owned by Edward Carroll and the westerly part by Michael Horan, including the site of the Eglinton School, #2.@
3. I then found a Monmouth County deed of sale, Volume not recorded, Page 7, from Robert Hutchinson to Lawrence Van Hook, Esquire. AThis indenture made the Fourth Day of January...One Thousand Seven Hundred & Sixteen  Between Robert Robert Hutchinson [I believe this is an error of repeat by the Clerk being the first ARobert@ is at the end of one line in the recording and then ARobert@ begins the next line] of Freehold in the County of Monmouth in the Eastern Division of the Province of New Jersey Taylor of the one part And Lawrence Van Hook of the same place Esq. Of the other part... the sum of One Hundred Pounds...the Certain tract of land situated ... in the county aforesaid Beginning at a Spanish Oak by the side of Peter Burnet=s great meadow and traverses the Meadow Run to the mouth there of where it Empties itself into Cattail Brook...to a corner by the side of said Brook...to the place of beginning Containing one hundred and five acres [105 acres]...And hath a good sufficient and absolute Lawfull Authority Power and Right whereby to grant Convey and confirm the same and every part and parcel ...(as same was granted and confirmed to Edward Lambard by a certain deed of bargain and sales from Robert Burnet bearing date the Third Day of January Anno 1710 and that the same granted and confirmed to the Said Robert Hutchinson by a certain deed of Bargain and Sale from Edward Lambard being date Seventh Day of November Anno 1712 and the same granted and Conveyed and Confirmed to the said Robert Hutchinson by a certain deed of Bargain and Sale bearing date the Twenty Eighth Day of January 1714 Relation being had unto the Said Deed???? more fully and at Large Appears) ... By these presents to warrant and for ever defend the said Lawrence Van Hook his Heirs and assigns in quiet and Peaceable Possession of all and singular the said - Granted Premises against any just and lawfull Claim of any Person or Persons whatsoever Except the Quit Rents Due to the Crown of Great Britain... In witness Where of the said Parties to these presents have interchangeably set their Hands & Seals the Day & Year first abovementioned. These Presents being signed sealed & delivered by and with the consent good liking and approbation of Sarah His wife as is Testified by her hand and Seal have unto affixed.@ Sarah [ S. -her mark] Hutchinson [Seal] Robt. Hutchinson [Seal]. Signed, sealed...William Montgomery, Peter Burnet, Richard [his mark] Brittane B Febru: 25th 1716 -Then appeared below us James Ashton & Lawrence Van Hook Esqrs. Two of his Majesties Justices of the Peace & Common Pleas for the County of Monmouth. Robert Hutchinson who did acknowledge this within instrument to be his voluntary act & Deed Witnessed our hands the Day & year above. James Ashton, Lawrence Van Hook.
CRH reviewed the same deed and states: AIn 1716, Robert Hutchinson conveyed 105 acres of land "lying north of the above mentioned tract, ... corresponding to the farm formerly owned by T.[V.?] Burtis, now belonging to Emlen Satterthwait. This also is now intersected by the abovementioned railroad."
The fact that Cattail Brook is mentioned in this deed is important because Cattail Brook is the small creek that crosses the Post Road or York Road [now the Hightstown-Allentown Road, just outside of East Windsor Township, Mercer County, in Upper Freehold Township, Monmouth County] approximately 1-2 miles across the field from the homestead of William and Ann (Simpson) Hutchinson bought in 1737.
4. "Robert Hutchison" can also be found in the Debts upon the books of John Bowne, Merchant, Monmouth Co, deceased, and so recorded in the Inventory of Bowne's estate, which was appraised at Matawan and dated 9 April 1716.
5. Edwin Salter, for 25 years before his death, was a corresponding member of the New Jersey Historical Society and the recognized authority on genealogical history, having been for years on its Standing Committee of Genealogy of New Jersey families. Not only did he examine the New Jersey records but he traveled and examined the records Anotably those of Western States, to which many of the citizens of Monmouth and Ocean Counties had from time to time emigrated. The result was the obtaining of a vast amount of valuable historical information, the collection of a great number of interesting local incidents, and unquestionably the fullest and most valuable Genealogical Record of the first settlers of Monmouth and Ocean Counties and their descendants, ever compiled...It is conceded during the lifetime of the author that there was no man in the State so thoroughly informed of the history of the first familes of New Jersey (1664-1678) as Edwin Salter,@ as is written in the preface of his book - AHistory of Monmouth County and Ocean Counties, N.J.@ - 1889. Salter was born in Morris County, New Jersey on 6 February 1824 and died at Forked River, New Jersey on 15 December 1888, aged 64 years.
In Salter=s above mentioned work, he has a genealogy of the William and Ann Hutchinson family, whose homestead was located today in what is known as Etra, East Windsor Township, Mercer County, New Jersey. Salter also mentions the Robert AHuchason@ 1705 corner tree reference, the purchase and sales of the land to Lawrence Van Hook above by Robert Hutchinson and his wife Sarah, and mentions that William Hutchinson owned several pieces of land in Monmouth County and Ocean County. He then states AThe noted Methodist preachers, Robert, Sylvester and Aaron, brothers, were of this family, and they had a fourth brother [Ezekiel] who was also a preacher. They were grandsons of William and Ann Hutchinson, the latter of whom has this remarkable inscription on her tombstone: >Sacred to the memory of Ann Hutchinson, relict of William Hutchinson, Esq., departed this life Jan. 4th, 1801, aged 101 years, 9 months, 7 days. She was the mother of thirteen children, and grandmother, great-grandmother and great-great-grandmother of 375 persons=.... The founder of this branch of the Hutchinson family of New Jersey was Robert , one of the persecuted Scotch who came to this country in 1685, and landed at Perth Amboy and from thence eventually reached Monmouth.@ [My research confirms the above Salter information regarding the William & Ann Simpson family and its members. ]
Salter=s work therefore identifies the Robert Hutchinson, who landed in 1685 in Perth Amboy, New Jersey, as being the progenitor of the Hutchinsons descending from William Hutchinson and wife Ann Simpson, who actually resided in Middlesex County, with their land holdings encompassing the Monmouth County boundary line, as well as being in Windsor Township, Middlesex County. And, Salter also suggests that the Robert Hutchinson [and his wife Sarah] of the Cattail Brook area, Freehold, Monmouth County [in the early 1700s land purchases and sales] and the Robert Hutchinson of 1685 voyage, are one and the same.
6. Some have further speculated that the Robert Hutchinson of 1685 and the Robert Hutchinson found in the early 1700s Monmouth County land sales as the same Robert Hutchinson referred to in a Bond for the Administration of his New Jersey estate, as found in Book F of Wills, East Jersey, Page 125. The Bond was given for the Administration of the estate of a Robert Hutchison [as written by the clerk], late of Newry, in Ireland, merchant, deceased, who left property in New Jersey. The Bond is dated on 23 June 1753, signed by John Hutchison [again as written by the clerk], son and Administrator...[John signed his name - Jno. Hutcheson] of New York, merchant, and James Newell of Perth Amboy, Ataylor@, who were bound in the amount of 300 pounds in Middlesex County, New Jersey, to administer the estate. The bond indicated that Robert died intestate. [The spelling of AHutchison@ throughout the document is the clerk=s spelling of the name but the person=s name was actually spelled AHutcheson.@]
7. So now, we have another ARobert Hutchinson@ record added to the others above and many Hutchinson researchers have simply adopted all of the above records as belonging to or referring to the same person. But, is that really the case?
To my knowledge at the present time , there is nothing further known to exist in New Jersey records relating to an early Robert Hutchinson in the central New Jersey area after the date of above land sale in Monmouth County on the 4th January 1716, other than the above 1753 Bond of Administration. Therefore, it is possible that the Robert Hutchinson of the land sale in 1716 may have come from Newry, Ireland, if in fact that is him. To test this theory, I wondered if I could find a Robert Hutchinson in Newry, Ireland, who perhaps was married to a Sarah? It is obvious from the above Bond that Robert Hutcheson was married and had a son, John, who was a merchant in New York.
I then contacted James Hennessy, Accredited Genealogist (Ireland) for help in 1995, to search the Irish records for a Robert Hutcheson and wife, Sarah, in Newry, Ireland. Newry is located in the civil parish of Newry, which is located conjointly in the Barony of The Lordship of Newry, in County Down, and the Barony of Orior Upper in County Armagh, on the boundary between the two counties. Newry has a history of mercantile trade with the American colonies through the port of Warrenpoint .
Mr. Hennessy reported that the spelling of the Hutchinson name would vary phonetically in various places but the various surname spellings often reflect the local dialect. The Hutcheson spelling of the name was comparatively uncommon in Ireland and reflects the surname being spoken with a strong Scottish dialect. Therefore, he looked for Hutchinson/ Hutcheson Scots living in Ireland. [Many of the early settlers in Monmouth County were of Scottish origin.]
Hennessy=s search found a Rev. Alexander Hutcheson, Presbyterian Minister at Saintfield, Co. Down, who had come from Scotland, and who was the second son of an ancient and reputable family in Ayrshire. Rev. Alexander having decided to settle in Ireland, purchased (1671) a townland called Drumalig. His son, John Hutcheson, was also educated in the ministry, came to Armagh in 1697 and settled in Ballyrea, two miles from Armagh. John died 10 February 1729 and was married three times. By his first wife, he had three sons - Hans, Francis, and Robert. Another son, Francis Hutcheson, b. 8 August 1694, was sent with Hans to be educated by their grandfather, Rev. Alexander Hutcheson. Hans died without posterity. He also found that Robert Hutcheson settled in Newry. He found very little information on Robert, when compared against his two brothers. Therefore, Hennessy speculated that this may be due to Robert having traveled out of their knowledge and also implied that Robert didn=t go into the ministry as did his siblings.
Irish & Scotch-Irish Ancestral Research - Presbyterian Records - Page 388, 389 - Following the Rebellion, after 1652, the Presbyterians came from Scotland to Ulster in great numbers, owing to the unsettled conditions while Cromwell was attacking the Scottish Royalists....Following the restoration of Charles II, in 1660, who pledged his loyalty to the Presbyterian Church when Scotland crowned him king, soon after his father=s execution in 1649, he betrayed his word....In 1660-1661, there were sixty-eight Presbyterian ministers in Ireland, all but one located in Ulster Of these, sixty-one were forced to leave their churches...In 1663, some members of the past Cromwellian faction, in Dublin, organized a plot to overthrow the restored Royalist Government, the most active instigator being Colonel Thomas Blood, who involved his brother-in-law, the Rev. William Lecky, one of the sixty-one deposed Presbyterian ministers. One minister being guilty, the Government considered all of his Presbyterian colleagues were actively plotting with him and made wholesale arrests. William Lecky was executed. Some ministers were let off because of
influence in high places....nineteen others were imprisoned for years, for the crime of being unable to prove themselves innocent. [And, one of those ministers imprisoned was Dr. Alexander Hutcheson mentioned above.]
Dr. Alexander Hutcheson is found in the Fasti (Catalogue) of the Irish Presbyterian Church, where he is described as the son of George H. Monckton, of Ayrshire, Scotland. No explanation is given there for the difference in surnames. The publication states that AHutcheson was dep. for non-conformity in 1661 and imprisoned in 1663 on suspicion of being concerned in Blood=s Plot. In 1671, he acquired the townland of Drumalig...His eldest dau. Beatrix mar. Hugh Wallace....His only son John was min. of Downpatrick (1690-7) and Armagh (1697-1729).
Francis Hutcheson, the 2nd son of John, became the eminent Prof. of Moral Philosophy in Glas. Univ.... On 1 July, 1707, Rev. Alex. Hutcheson sought leave to demit his charge, pleading his infirmity and his Agreat grievances from the loneliness of his life in this place, now when all his grand-children are to leave him, and from fears and dangers in regard of the rogues and tories that frequent these bounds.@ He died in Armagh on 11 November 1711.
[Hennessy believes that Rev. Alexander Hutcheson=s statement above on 1 July 1707, may well have referred to the imminent departure of the children of his son Robert Hutcheson to the American Colonies.]
History and Memorials of Presbyterianism in Ireland - Alexander=s son, John Hutcheson (1690-1729), was twice married, first, to Miss Trail, by whom he had three sons [Hans, Francis, Robert], the second of whom was Dr. Francis Hutcheson...; and secondly to Miss Wilson of Tully Co. Longford, by whom he had two sons [Alexander, John] and a daughter [Rhoda]....Mr. Hutcheson=s second son, Francis...was born on the 8th of August 1694 and died in Dublin on the 8th of August 1746.
[Hennessy found some ancient pedigrees which show that Alexander=s son, John, was married three times but the name of the third wife was unknown.]
Original Memorials : Registry of Deeds
#31008 - A memorial of articles, dated 8 January 1724, between John Hutcheson of Ballyrea, Armagh, of the first part granted to Alexander Hutcheson....mentions the Asaid five sons of the said John Hutcheson party to the sd. Articles@...and Rhoda Hutcheson...Witnessed by Francis Willson of Tully and Jean Willson his wife and Patrick Diven then meniall servant to the sd. Francis Willson...dated - 7 February 1725.
#41278 - A memorial of the last will and testament of John Hutcheson of Ballyrea...sixth day of March 1728, whereby he devised...to his son Francis Hutcheson...to his son Robert Hutcheson...unto his daughter Rhoda Hutcheson...his son Alexander Hutcheson...his brother-in-law James Johnston...to his sons John Hutcheson, Hans Hutcheson, Francis Hutcheson and Robert Hutcheson executors... Dated - 9 August 1729
#48151 - A memorial of Deed of lease and release...upon the thirty first day of December 1731...between Alexander Hutcheson, gent., Hans Hutcheson of Ballyrea in the County of Armagh, Gent., Francis Hutcheson of the College of Glasco, in North Brittain, Gent., Robert
Hutcheson of Newry in the County of Downes, Mercht., and John Hutcheson of the city of Waterford, Mercht., of the one part, and Rhoda Hutcheson, Spinster, of the other part...Dated - 3rd May 1732.
Based upon these documents and the other findings, it would appear that the Robert Hutcheson of Newry, merchant, of the 1753 Middlesex County Bond for Administration of his estate in NJ, was still in Ireland as of May 1732. It also appears that he had not come to America prior to this date. Of course this assumes that this is THEE Robert Hutcheson I was searching for and I am of the opinion that it is. However, with that said, I still have not identified the name of his wife or the names of this Robert=s children or a showing that he migrated to America. This work still has to be done.
8. Scottish and Northern England Naming Patterns
Naming patterns established centuries ago, were generally a first born son often took his father=s name and a first born daughter was named after her mother. But, in Scotland and the northernmost part of England, a more sophisticated naming pattern was often used. With male offspring, the first born son was named after the father=s father, the second son after the mother=s father and third son was named after his father=s Christian name. The naming pattern for daughters was a variation on that for the male children. The eldest daughter was given the name of her mother=s mother, the second daughter was given her father=s mother=s name and the third daughter was given her mother=s name.
William Hutchinson, and his wife, Ann Simpson, of Middlesex County, New Jersey had 13 children. Applying this naming pattern to their children in the order of their birth, beginning with their first born child, I tested the above naming pattern and found the following:
1. Boy - Robert 6. Boy - Joseph 11. Girl - Rachel
2. Girl - Elizabeth 7. Girl - Ann 12. Girl - Mary
3. Boy - William 8. Girl - Catherine 13. Boy - Nathaniel
4. Girl - Sarah 9. Girl - Dorothea
5. Boy - John 10. Girl - Lydia
If they followed this naming pattern, then their first boy would be Robert, the second girl Sarah [for Williamís parents being the Robert & Sarah], and third girl should be Ann [for the name of Williamís wife. So, far all of their named children fit the strict pattern. However, their second boy was called William and the third boy was called John. So, this deviated from the strict application of the above pattern.
Their first child, a boy, born 11 December 1720, was named Robert, and the name Robert has been carried on in subsequent generations of the family and not just in Robert=s line. This is not proof of anything but in my opinion it is significant when you consider it with all of the other circumstantial evidence above for Robert & Sarah Hutchinson being the parents of William Hutchinson, who married Ann Simpson.
Charles Robbins Hutchinson, 1838-1927, [CRH], who interviewed many of the early Hutchinson descendants in central New Jersey, transcribed their conversations, did genealogy on their families, mapped their property transactions, walked the land sites of these transactions, and recorded "many ledger books" on what he had collected, came to certain opinions based upon his work. He also connects the William, who married Ann Simpson, and their descendants, to the above Robert & Sarah Hutchinson, of the Freehold land sales; as does Salter in his history on Monmouth County.
Salter indicates that they were definitely connected. CRH indicates that the Robert Hutchinson, among the Scotch covenanters, who was banished to the Acolonies@ on the "Henry & Francis" in 1685, and who landed in Perth Amboy, may be the same Robert AHuchason@ found in Upper Freehold, Monmouth Co, in the 1705 road survey. The location of this road survey in Monmouth County and the land that Robert Hutchinson, and wife Sarah, buy in 1712 & 1714 and sell in 1716 in Monmouth County, is in the same area and the land sale in the 1716 sale is within 2 miles of the family homestead of William Hutchinson, and wife Ann Simpson. William=s homestead, and other land, was purchased jointly by William Hutchinson, and his brother, Jonathan Hutchinson in 1737 and it was their first appearance in existing New Jersey public records. The William Hutchinson homestead is primarily in Middlesex County but also has the north easterly Monmouth County boundary line within this property.
Therefore, I am of the opinion from the above research information that the Robert AHuchason,@ of the 1705 Monmouth County Road Survey and the Robert Hutchinson, taylor, and wife, Sarah, of the 1712, 1714 and 1716 land transactions in Monmouth County, both of which are located in what is today Upper Freehold Township by Cattail Brook/Creek, and are near the boundary lines of what was Windsor Township, Middlesex County (now Mercer County since 1838)and the homestead of William Hutchinson, are one and the same person.
I am also of the opinion that the Robert Hutcheson, late of Newry, Ireland, merchant, of the 1753 New Jersey Bond for the Administration of his estate, deceased, cannot be either the Robert AHuchason@ of 1795 or the Robert Hutchinson and wife Sarah, of 1712-1716 above, because he was is still in Newry, Ireland as of 1732 records with no indication that he had migrated to America prior to 1732. However, more research needs to be done in Newry, Ireland records in order to identify his wife=s given name, the given names of any other children and a possible date of migration.
On 27 November 1857, the Village Record of Hightstown, New Jersey, which is the town located 2 miles from what was the homestead of William & Ann (Simpson) Hutchinson, their great-grandson, Daniel P. Hutchinson, aged 33, wrote a letter to the paper in response to an article they published the week prior about William & Ann. In his letter, he stated:
"Mr. editor - Having noticed an article in your paper of the 20th inst., relative to the history of William and Ann Hutchinson, their burial place, and descendants, and thinking it may be interesting to some of your readers who may have lost the knowledge of their ancestors, I ask your indulgence while I speak of some matters connected with these things. William Hutchinson and one of his brothers came from England to this county early in the 18th century. The maiden name of his wife Ann, was Simpson. Their family of children, thirteen in number, as is recorded on Ann Hutchinson's tombstone, consisted of five boys and eight girlsÖ."
So, Now What ?
Their great-grandson, Daniel P. Hutchinson (1824-1872), who was to my knowledge the last of the male Hutchinson descendants of William & Ann Hutchinson, who stayed in the area of their homestead outside of Hightstown, New Jersey. Daniel descends from their son, also named William, who stayed in New Jersey, while several other brothers and sisters migrated to the southern states and others migrated into Clermont and Hamilton Counties of Ohio.
Does Danielís information make all of the above "Robert" research moot?